abbreviations, contractions, acronyms

abbreviations, contractions, acronyms
   Abbreviation is the general term used to describe any shortened word. Contractions and acronyms are types of abbreviation. A contraction is a word that has been squeezed in the middle, so to speak, but has retained one or more of its opening and closing letters, as with Mr. for Mister and cant for cannot. An acronym is a word formed from the initial letter or letters of a group of words, as with radar for radio detecting <znd ranging, and NATO for TVorth Atlantic Treaty Organization. Abbreviations that are not pronounced as words (IBM, ABC, NFL) are not acronyms; they are just abbreviations.
   Whether to write NATO or Nato is normally a matter of preference or house style. American publications tend to capitalize all the letters of abbreviations, even when they are pronounced as words. In Britain, generally the convention is to capitalize only the initial letter when the abbreviation is pronounced as a word and is reasonably well known. Thus most British publications would write Aids and Nato (but probably not Seato). For abbreviations of all types, try to avoid an appearance of clutter and intrusiveness. Rather than make repeated reference to "the IGLCO" or "NOOSCAM," it is nearly always better to refer to the abbreviated party as "the committee," "the institute," or whatever other word is appropriate.
   Finally, for the benefit of travelers who may have wondered why the British so often dispense with periods on the ends of abbreviations (writing Mr, Dr, and St where Americans would write Mr., Dr., and St.), its helpful to know that the convention in Britain is to include a period when the abbreviation stops in the midst of a word (as with Capt. and Prof., for instance) but to leave off the period when the last letter of the abbreviation is the last letter of the full word-that is, when it is a contraction.

Dictionary of troublesome word. . 2013.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать реферат

Look at other dictionaries:

  • acronyms —    See abbreviations, contractions, acronyms …   Dictionary of troublesome word

  • abbreviations — There are several kinds of abbreviations: shortenings, contractions, initialisms, and acronyms. 1. Shortenings of words, though formerly condemned by literary figures such as Addison and Pope (18c), are now a common convention, with varying… …   Modern English usage

  • Wikipedia:Manual of Style/Abbreviations — This guideline is a part of the English Wikipedia s Manual of Style. Use common sense in applying it; it will have occasional exceptions. Please ensure that any edits to this page reflect consensus. Shortcuts: MOS:ABBR WP:ABBR WP:MOSA …   Wikipedia

  • List of United States Marine Corps acronyms and expressions — This is a list of acronyms, expressions, euphemisms, jargon, military slang, and sayings in common or formerly common use in the United States Marine Corps. Many of the words or phrases have varying levels of acceptance among different units or… …   Wikipedia

  • List of U.S. Marine Corps acronyms and expressions — This is a list of acronyms, expressions, euphemisms, jargon, military slang, and sayings in common or formerly common use in the United States Marine Corps. Many of the words or phrases have varying levels of acceptance among different units or… …   Wikipedia

  • Abbreviation — For the <abbr> HTML tag, see HTML element. For guidelines on making and editing abbreviation articles on Wikipedia, see Wikipedia:Disambiguation and abbreviations. An abbreviation (from Latin brevis, meaning short) is a shortened form of a… …   Wikipedia

  • Wikipedia:Manual of Style — This guideline is a part of the English Wikipedia s Manual of Style. Use common sense in applying it; it will have occasional exceptions. Please ensure that any edits to this page reflect consensus. Shortcuts …   Wikipedia

  • Contraction (grammar) — This article is about contraction in the grammar of modern languages, which involves elision. For contraction in Ancient Greek, the coalescence of two vowels into one, see crasis. For the linguistic function of pronouncing vowels together, see… …   Wikipedia

  • Acronym and initialism — For acronyms used on Wikipedia, see Wikipedia:Acronyms. Acronyms and initialisms are abbreviations formed from the initial components in a phrase or name. These components may be individual letters (as in CEO) or parts of words (as in Benelux and …   Wikipedia

  • -gry — The Gry Puzzle is a popular puzzle that asks for the third English word, other than angry and hungry, that ends with the letters gry. Aside from words derived from angry and hungry, there is no stand alone word ending in gry that is in current… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”